Russia begins to beat Ukraine with electronic warfare, analysts say

Electronic Warfare Russia

It seems that Russia has gained the upper hand over the current Russo-Ukrainian war situation. All thanks to Russia’s electronic warfare (EW) systems, some intelligence analysts suggest.

EW plays a prominent role in the Russian armed forces, especially in the military, and has been a largely invisible aspect of the Russian war against Ukraine. EW is any action that uses the electromagnetic spectrum (EM spectrum) or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack an enemy, or hinder enemy attacks. It is used by military personnel to target communications, radar, or other military and civilian assets, and to protect their troops.

In June, the Associated Press (AP) reported that these systems were used more in heavy fighting in eastern Ukraine, where shorter, easier-to-defend supply lines allowed Russian troops to move electronic warfare equipment closer to the battlefield.

“They are blocking everything their systems can reach,” said an official from Aerorozvidka, a reconnaissance team of Ukrainian tinkerers on unmanned aerial vehicles, on condition of anonymity due to security concerns. “We can’t say they dominate, but they hinder us greatly.”

Ukrainian officials told the AP that Russian interference with GPS receivers on drones posed a “pretty serious” threat when it came to troubling reconnaissance efforts and commanders’ communications with troops.

Now, a new analysis published in Spectrum, a news publication produced by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), disputes that while Russia’s EW was a no-show early in the conflict, it’s now helping Russia gain the upper hand. to get .

“Experts have long touted Russia as one of the most experienced and best-equipped EW units in the world. So in the early days of the February 24 invasion, analysts expected Russian forces to quickly gain control of the electromagnetic spectrum and then dominate it,” Bryan Clark, director of the Hudson Institute’s Center for Defense Concepts and Technology, wrote for Spectrum. .

“But after nearly a decade of rehearsals in eastern Ukraine,” Clark continues, “when the latest escalation and invasion began in February, the Russian EW was a no-show.”

Now that Russia has consolidated control in the east and south of Ukraine thanks to fewer soldiers, weapons and time, it has started to use its EW systems to direct artillery and missile strikes and gradually resort to “siege tactics” around Ukrainian cities, Clark writes.

Blocking radar communications from Ukrainian drones, interception techniques and unofficial hacking efforts have allowed Russia to gain an advantage over Ukraine.

“Russia is now on top of the EW war just because the lightning strike turned into a pulverizing slog. The situation could change quickly if Kiev’s forces, with Western support, regain control of Ukraine’s airspace, where they could electronically and physically disrupt the management and logistics that keep the ramshackle Russian war machine lugging,” Clark concluded.

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